Acne Rosacea Causes and Treatment

acne rosaceaWhat Is Acne Rosacea?

Acne rosacea is a chronic inflammatory disorder of the facial skin, most often referred to simply as rosacea. At its most mild, it causes a flushing of the skin of the cheeks. In more advanced cases, tender papules and pustules develop. Although they may look like the comedones of acne vulgaris, the pustules of rosacea are different, not being associated with blocked pores. The forehead, cheeks, nose, and chin may all be affected. In some cases, the trunk and extremities may be affected. Rhinophyma, a thickening of the tissue of the nose resulting in a bulbous appearance, can result from long-term untreated rosacea, and can require surgical correction.

Causes of Acne Rosacea

The estimated prevalence of rosacea in the United States is 14 million, or 1 in 20. It is more common in women, and most often diagnosed in those with fair complexions. It tends to arise in middle age, especially around the time of menopause. The root cause of this condition is not well understood. The mechanism by which it occurs, dilation of facial blood vessels followed by an inflammatory response, has been well studied, but researchers aren’t sure exactly why it happens. One leading theory is that bacteria or Demodex mites present in the skin either cause or aggravate the inflammation, but it has not yet been proved. There may also be a hereditary factor, but this, too, is uncertain.

Living with rosacea can be emotionally difficult. The psychological factors associated with one’s appearance are strong, and flare ups often cannot be predicted, although factors like stress, hormonal fluctuations, spicy foods, and alcohol are common triggers. Those with rosacea may begin to withdraw from social activities because they are not confident in their looks.

Treatment of Acne Rosacea

Most people don’t recognize acne rosacea when it develops. Many have not even heard of the condition. Unfortunately, this often leads to attempts at treatment which exacerbate the symptoms. The skin in rosacea is actually quite sensitive, and the harsh treatments for acne vulgaris cause it to become more inflamed. Corticosteroid creams, used to treat allergic rashes, likewise irritate the skin. The sooner it is recognized, and the sooner proper treatment can begin, the better. The most common prescription treatment for rosacea is topical metronidazole cream. Tetracycline, or another broad-spectrum antibiotic, is sometimes prescribed as well to reduce inflammation. In the most extreme cases, isotretinoin is prescribed, but its side effects can be problematic.

Many people are turning to less expensive, gentler treatments like the Zenmed Rosacea Skin Support System®, which uses all-natural ingredients to fight inflammation and surface bacteria while building collagen to help skin heal and grow strong a serious inflammatory dermatological condition which affects many people in the United States and for which the cause is not well understood. The emotional impact of acne rosacea can be high, as sufferers lose confidence in their appearance. Gentle, natural over-the-counter treatments can be at least as effective as prescription treatments, without the risk of side effects.

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