Understanding What Cystic Acne Is
Most people are not aware that acne is medically known as cystic acne or acne vulgaris. Other than a typically pimple or zit, this includes other variations of skin infections such as blackheads, whiteheads, or cysts.
There are times when the oil glands produce more than what is needed and causes a blockage in the pores. This occurrence is known as a comedone or a plug. There are two types of plugs, the whitehead and the blackhead.
When an infection sits deep inside one’s skin, and is painful, one is most likely suffering from acne vulgaris. Acne is known to be commonly experienced by adolescents and teenagers. But in actuality, acne transcends age, gender, and race. Other than dirt, this type of acne can also be caused by disturbances in the normal flow of one’s hormones. It can also be caused by genes and can be passed down from parent to child. There are also drugs that cause acne such as estrogen, testosterone, and phenytoin.
Symptoms of Acne Vulgaris
Acne usually develops on the face, chest, back, arms, and buttocks. However, it can also appear anywhere even in the armpit and the groin areas. Once small circular bumps appear, it can possibly be acne, unless it was an insect bite or a bruise. When in doubt, a trip to one’s dermatologist can easily determine if the inflammation truly is cystic acne.
Effects of This Type of Acne
When suffering from this condition, it is indeed very tempting to touch, rub, or pop the zit out. However, this can lead to a more complicated infection as well as scarring. In severe and rare cases, some people who have squeezed a pimple went through coma because the pus cells reached the brain. This can happen especially if the pimple is large and if it’s near the head. Other than health and physical effects, acne can also cause serious mental or psychological damage. Acne can diminish self-esteem and confidence which can lead to depression.
Treatments for Cystic Acne
Dirt is usually the cause of acne, therefore, having a regular cleaning regimen can help avoid acne vulgaris. One must keep in mind that facial washes or products must be mild and doctor-advised.
- For make-up wearers, it should be thoroughly removed before going to bed. Those who exercise must also be keen on their hygiene. Hair must be kept clean and away from the self at all times.
- On the other hand, for blemishes, one can try using benzoyl peroxide or salicylic acid because these substances eliminate bacteria and helps dry oils which will hasten peeling. However, the use of products to treat acne must be under the supervision of a doctor.
- As for serious or severe cases of acne, such as when acne is large and recurring in a huge portion of the skin, one must consult a dermatologist immediately. Acne that appears infrequently can be treated at home otherwise, one must consult a professional. Doctors may prescribe antibiotics, creams and gels, as well as hormone improving pills. In the end, it is always best to consult a specialist when inquiring about cystic acne.